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电推进技术的应用与发展趋势
吴汉基, 蒋远大, 张志远
中国科学院空间科学与应用研究中心 北京100080
摘要:
扼要介绍了电推进技术的发展历史,概述了不同形式(电热、电磁和静电三大类)电推力器的特点及应用情况,指出了为满足不同空间任务电推进的发展趋势;并根据我国的研究状况、存在的问题和差距,提出了加快发展我国电推进技术的意见。
关键词:  电推进  航天器  卫星姿态控制  述评
DOI:
分类号:V430
基金项目:
Application and development trend of electric propulsion technology
WU Han-ji, JIANG Yuan-da, ZHANG Zhi-yuan
Center for Space Science and Applied Research, Sinica Academy, Beijing 100080, China
Abstract:
The history of electric propulsion technology development was summarized. The features and application status of different types of electric thruster were analyzed. Some suggestions for speeding up the development of Chinese electric propulsion technology were made, based upon the analysis for the technology trends and the comparison between China and abroad.
Key words:  Electric propulsion  Spacecraft  Satellite attitude control  Review